Genetic selection has played a crucial role in the success of agriculture and animal husbandry, driving the systematic alteration of the evolution of domesticated plants and animals. In recent decades, industrialization of the agri-food industry has opened up new possibilities for the creation of completely new products. In this paper, we describe the unique system of the French genetic selection syndicate (SYSAAF) and compare it to other models of industrial organization of business groups and companies in which this process has been integrated.
The data were acquired from SYSAAF’s historical records, and the models of diffusion of innovations and knowledge was described owing to collaborative effort with the aquaculture department’s management and surveys conducted with the leaders of the enterprises and departments.
Our results show that the public and centralized nature of SYSAAF allows it to benefit from the participation of DR projects which are an important source of funding, well above government grants. One of the main advantages of this style of organization is that it allows small companies to access high-value technologies while reducing their individual costs Teece, D. J. (2010).
Overall, this paper sheds light on the importance of unique models for organizing and developing genetic selection in agriculture and animal husbandry. We believe that the French genetic selection syndicate (SYSAAF) serves as an excellent example of how a public and centralized model can benefit both large and small companies in the industry.
Teece, D. J. (2010). Forward integration and innovation: Transaction costs and beyond. Journal of Retailing, 86(3), 277-283.